Most software on the market have a number of defects, such as design flaws and implementation bugs. While an enterprise application may always have at least a few implementation defects, it is essential to eliminate design flaws to ensure the software supports and enforces authorization, authentication, availability, accountability, confidentiality, data integrity, and non-repudiation requirements. However, there tends to be a greater focus on the resolution of implementation bugs over the identification of design flaws.
The number and severity of security breaches can be reduced significantly if organizations focused more on designing secure systems. Here is some information about the top software security challenges and the best practices for securing enterprise applications.
The Top Software Security Challenges
Every year, the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) releases an updated list of the top ten software security challenges and risks. Here are the most dire security issues, according to the OWASP.
Some examples of injection flaws include NoSQL, SQL, LDAP, and OS injection. Injection flaws occur when untrusted data is incorporated into a query or command and sent to the interpreter. The attacker’s untrusted data manages to trick the interpreter into accessing data without authorization or executing unintended commands.
Application functions pertaining to session management and authentication are often incorrectly implementation. A faulty authentication process enables attackers to compromise session tokens, passwords, and keys. It also makes it possible for attackers to exploit implementation flaws to assume the identities of other users temporarily or permanently.
Sensitive Data Exposure
Many enterprise applications and APIs fail to sufficiently protect sensitive data. Some examples of sensitive data include PII, financial, and healthcare. Attackers may be able to steal or even modify insufficiently protected data to do identity theft, credit card fraud, and other crimes. Depending on the nature and sensitivity of the data, you should implement extra protection measures, such as encryption in transit or at reset, to minimize the risk of the data being compromised.
Broken Access Control
Some enterprise applications fail to enforce the restrictions in terms of what authenticated users are permitted to do. Attackers are able to take advantage of these flaws to access unauthorized data or functionality. For example, attackers may view sensitive files, change access rights, access the accounts of other users, and even modify data associated with other users.
One of the most common software security issues is security misconfiguration. Usually, this is a result of open cloud storage, insecure default configurations, error messages containing sensitive data, misconfigured HTTP headers, and ad hoc or incomplete configurations. Not only is it important that you securely configure your applications, but you should also upgrade and patch it on in a timely manner.
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
Insecure deserialization often causes remote code execution. These flaws can also be taken advantage of to perform attacks like privilege escalation attacks, replay attacks, and injection attacks.
In this day and age, security is an important issue when it comes to software and enterprise applications. For more information about the best practices for securing enterprise applications, don’t hesitate to contact us.
Additional Articles about Enterprise Security!