November 20, 1985 : Windows was Released!
Microsoft released Microsoft Windows, a graphical extension for MS-DOS, on November 20, 1985.
Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Windows 1.0 was to compete with Apple’s operating system, but achieved little popularity.
Components included Calculator, Calendar, Cardfile, Clipboard viewer, Clock, Control Panel, Notepad, Paint, Reversi, Terminal and Write. Windows 1.0 does not allow overlapping windows. Instead all windows are tiled. Only modal dialog boxes may appear over other windows.
The world’s computer market was moving very quickly, and Microsoft Windows came to dominate it with a market-share of over 90% market share, overtaking Mac OS, which had been introduced in 1984. Apple saw this GUI development from Microsoft as an encroachment upon their innovations, took Microsoft to court and lost in 1993. Windows continues to be the most popular operating system.
Some fun-facts about Microsoft:
1. Microsoft started with another name:
Microsoft started their journey with a hyphen, I mean they were titled as Micro-Soft in their initial days. The hyphen was deleted in 1976. The term Microsoft is a combination of microcomputer and software.
2. All about Patents:
Microsoft holds more than 10,000 patents and they’ve successfully made to the list of top-five patent holders in the USA. Microsoft files around 3,000 patent requests per year.
3. The Interface Manager:
The very famous Windows operating system was initially titled as Interface Manager. Thank god, someone intervened and saved Microsoft from the disastrous path.
4. More and More People Rely on MS:
More than 1.5 billion people use Windows every day, and 1.2 billion people use Microsoft Office – this is around “1 in every 7” people on earth. Microsoft’s Outlook has 400 million active users and around 3 billion minutes of Skype calls are made every day.
Microsoft’s co-founder Bill Gates donated his whole wealth to charity for two times. He also started the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, engaged for the upliftment of people in poor and developing nations.